Here you will find Telangana TSBIE State Board Syllabus TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Study Material Pdf free download, TS Intermediate 2nd Year Botany Textbook Solutions Questions and Answers in English Medium and Telugu Medium according to the latest exam curriculum. The chapter-wise TS Inter 2nd Year Study Material will help the students in understanding the concept behind each question in a detailed way.
Students can check the TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Syllabus & TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Important Questions for strong academic preparation. Students can use TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Notes as a quick revision before the exam.
TS Intermediate 2nd Year Botany Study Material Pdf Download | TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Textbook Solutions Telangana
Unit I Plants Physiology
- Chapter 1 Transport in Plants
- Chapter 2 Mineral Nutrition
- Chapter 3 Enzymes
- Chapter 4 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
- Chapter 5 Respiration in Plants
- Chapter 6 Plant Growth and Development
Unit II Microbiology
Unit III Genetics
Unit IV Molecular Biology
Unit V Biotechnology
Unit VI Microbes and Human Welfare
TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Weightage Blue Print 2022-2023
TS Inter 2nd Year Botany Syllabus
Telangana TS Intermediate 2nd Year Botany Syllabus
TELANGANA STATE BOARD OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION, HYDERABAD
Syllabus (w.e.f. 2013-14)
Unit I Plants Physiology (60 Periods)
Chapter 1 Transport in Plants
Means of Transport – Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, Passive symports and antiports, Active Transport, Comparison of Different Transport Processes, Plant-Water Relations – Water Potential, Osmosis, Plasmolysis, Imbibition, Long Distance Transport of Water – Water Movement up a Plant, Root Pressure, Transpiration pull, Transpiration – Opening and Closing of Stomata, Transpiration and Photosynthesis, Uptake and Transport of Mineral Nutrients – Uptake of Mineral Ions, Translocation of Mineral Ions, Phloem Transport: Flow from Source to Sink – The Pressure Flow or Mass Flow Hypothesis.
Chapter 2 Mineral Nutrition
Methods to Study the Mineral Requirements of Plants, Essential Mineral Elements – Criteria for Essentiality, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Role of Macro- and Micro- nutrients, Deficiency Symptoms of Essential Elements, Toxicity of Micronutrients, Mechanism of Absorption of Elements, Translocation of Solutes, Soil as Reservoir of Essential Elements, Metabolism of Nitrogen -Nitrogen Cycle, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Symbiotic nitrogen fixation, Nodule Formation.
Chapter 3 Enzymes
Chemical Reactions, Enzymatic Conversions, Nature of EnzymeAction, Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity, Temperature and pH, Concentration of Substrate, Classification and Nomenclature of Enzymes, Co-factors.
Chapter 4 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
Early Experiments, Site of Photosynthesis, Pigments Involved in Photosynthesis, Light Reaction, The Electron TransportSplitting of Water, Cyclic and Non- cyclic Photo-phosphorylation, Chemiosmotic Hypothesis, Biosynthetic phase – The Primary Acceptor of CO2, The Calvin Cycle, The C4 Pathway, Photorespiration, Factors affecting Photosynthesis.
Chapter 5 Respiration of Plants
Cellular respiration, Glycolysis, Fermentation, Aerobic Respiration – Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle, Electron Transport System (ETS) and Oxidative Phosphorylation, The Respiratory Balance Sheet, Amphibolic Pathway, Respiratory Quotient.
Chapter 6 Plant Growth and Development
Growth- Plant Growth, Phases of Growth, Growth Rates, Conditions for Growth, Differentiation, Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation, Development, Plant Growth Regulators – Physiological Effects of Plant Growth Regulators, Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Ethylene, Abscisic acid, Seed Dormancy, Photoperiodism, Vernalisation.
Unit II Microbiology (10 Periods)
Chapter 7 Bacteria
Morphology of Bacteria, Bacterial cell structure – Nutrition, Reproduction – Sexual Reproduction, Conjugation, Transformation, Transduction, The importance of Bacteria to Humans.
Chapter 8 Viruses
Discovery, Classification of Viruses, structure of Viruses, Multiplication of Bacteriophages – The Lysogenic Cycle, Viral diseases in Plants, Viral diseases in Humans.
Unit III Genetics (10 Periods)
Chapter 9 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Mendel’s Experiments, Inheritance of one gene (Monohybrid Cross) – Back cross and Test cross, Law of Dominance, Law of Segregation or Law of purity of gametes, Deviations from Mendelian concept of dominance – Incomplete Dominance, Co-dominance, Explanation of the concept of dominance, Inheritance of two genesLaw of Independent Assortment, Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance, Linkage and Recombination, Mutations – Significance of mutations.
Unit IV Molecular Biology (15 Periods)
Chapter 10 Molecular Basis of inheritance
The DNA – Structure of Polynucleotide Chain, Packaging of DNA Helix, The Search for Genetic Material, Transforming Principle, Biochemical Characterisation of Transforming Principle, The Genetic Material is DNA, Properties of Genetic Material (DNA versus RNA), RNA World, Replication – The Experimental Proof, The Machinery and the Enzymes, Transcription – Transcription Unit, Transcription Unit and the Gene, Types of RNA and the process of Transcription, GeneticCodeMutations and Genetic Code, tRNA– the Adapter Molecule, Translation, Regulation of Gene Expression – The Lac operon.
Unit V Biotechnology (22 Periods)
Chapter 11 Principles and Processes of Biotechnology
Principles of Biotechnology – Construction of the first artificial recombinant DNA molecule, Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology – Restriction Enzymes, Cloning Vectors, Competent Host (For Transformation with Recombinant DNA), Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology – Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA), Cutting of DNA at Specific Locations, Separation and isolation of DNA fragments, Insertion of isolated gene into a suitable vector, Amplification of Gene of Interest using PCR, Insertion of Recombinant DNA into the Host, Cell/Organism, Selection of Transformed host cells, Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product, Downstream Processing.
Chapter 12 Biotechnology and it’s Applications
Biotechnological Applications In Agriculture – Bt Cotton, Pest Resistant Plants, Other applications of Biotechnology Insulin, Gene therapy, Molecular Diagnosis, ELISA, DNA fingerprinting, Transgenic plants, Bio-safety and Ethical issues – Biopiracy.
Unit VI Plants, Microbes and Human Welfare (18 Periods)
Chapter 13 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Plant Breeding – What is Plant Breeding?, Wheat and Rice, Sugarcane, Millets, Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance, Methods of breeding for disease resistance, Mutation, Plant Breeding for Developing Resistance to Insect Pests, Plant Breeding for Improved Food Quality, Single Cell Protein (SCP), Tissue Culture.
Chapter 14 Microbes in Human Welfare
Microbes in Household Products, Microbes in Industrial Products – Fermented Beverages, Antibiotics, Chemicals, Enzymes and other Bioactive Molecules, Microbes in Sewage Treatment, Primary treatment, Secondary treatment or Biological treatment, Microbes in Production of Biogas, Microbes as Biocontrol Agents, Biological control of pests and diseases, Microbes as Biofertilisers, Challenges posed by Microbes.
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